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His brother was lost at sea during a journey across the Indian Ocean, and Maimonides wrote that the loss of his brother pained him profoundly, leading him into depression.No longer having the support of his brother’s commercial successes, Maimonides made his living as a physician.Knowledge of Talmud, study of it, commentary upon it, and following its guidance bound Jews together as a people in covenant with God.In addition to being an expert on scripture and Talmud, Maimonides was an important judge and legal official in the Jewish community in Egypt.The prospects of medieval Jewish communities often depended upon the disposition of the Christian or Islamic rulers of the areas in which Jews lived.As is the case for several other important medieval Jewish philosophers, the larger intellectual culture in which Maimonides lived and worked was Islamic rather than Christian.He then spent much of his adult life in Fostat, the Old City of Cairo, near modern-day Cairo.Maimonides and others in his family depended to a large extent on his younger brother, a successful merchant.
Talmud constitutes the most central collection of interpretation, explication, and commentary on the commandments in Torah, traditionally held to be six hundred and thirteen in number.
He was a physician in the Muslim court in Egypt and had extensive correspondence with Jews far and wide, writing detailed responses to questions of Jewish law and scriptural interpretation.
Those of his works that are categorized as ‘philosophy’ reflect interests he had to his religious commitments.
Maimonides is a medieval Jewish philosopher with considerable influence on Jewish thought, and on philosophy in general.
Maimonides also was an important codifier of Jewish law.
He died in 1204 and his death was felt as a considerable loss.